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Witness to Change: From Jim Crow to Political Empowerment
John F. Blair, Publisher
6 x 9
black-and-white photos throughout
In 1950s New Orleans, a young woman steps into her white tulle gown and glides down the long hallway of her parents’ house into the front garden. Her father, a respected surgeon, drives her downtown, where she will make her debut into Negro society.
Though mesmerized by the rituals, Sybil Haydel, 17, cannot help but note their irony in a world where she daily faces the barriers and insults of Jim Crow.
Thirteen years later, Sybil lies sleepless in bed next to her husband, Dutch Morial. Medgar Evers, the NAACP’s national leader, has just been murdered in Mississippi. Dutch, the organization’s New Orleans’ president, has just received another chilling death threat. In halting whispers, the couple discusses how to protect their three young children.
The Morials first become legal, then political, activists. TestingBrown v Board of Education, Sybil attempts to enroll at Tulane and Loyola. She and Dutch challenge a statute restricting political activities of public school teachers. Barred from the League of Women Voters, Sybil forms an organization to help register Negroes held back from voting. After serving as judge and Louisiana legislator, Dutch is elected New Orleans’ first black mayor.
Sybil’s memoir reveals a woman whose intelligence overrides the clichés of racial division. In its pages, we catch rare glimpses of black professionals in an earlier New Orleans, when races, though socially isolated, lived side by side; when social connections helped to circumvent Jim Crow; when African-American culture forged New Orleans—and American—identity.
Through loving eyes, Sybil traces the rise of her sons and daughters: After Dutch’s death, Marc Morial, serves two terms as New Orleans mayor. Sybil’s other children—a physician, a public policy strategist, a community development director, and a judge—lead and serve their communities before, and after, Hurricane Katrina’s devastation.
Ambassador Andrew Young notes: “It is doubtful that New Orleans could have produced two mayors with the dynamic, creative, and visionary leadership of “Dutch” and Marc without a wife and mother of Sybil’s loving strength, intelligence, and moral courage. But the life she lived in the crucible times, and her perception of the civil rights movement in New Orleans, goes far beyond that.”
“Teacher, civil rights leader, former first lady of New Orleans, Sybil Morial has given us in Witness to Change an elegantly written, deeply moving memoir of one of America’s most beloved political families. Reading it is a history lesson in the revolutionary changes that a single generation of brave, publicly minded servants delivered for the uplift of all. It is, in short, a book about heroes, written by one.”
—Henry Louis Gates Jr., Alphonse Fletcher University Professor, Harvard University
“Contrary to the book’s title—Witness to Change—this charming, gritty gentlewoman was on the front lines in challenging a segregated South.”
—Donna Brazile, author, vice chairwoman of the Democratic National Committee, and political commentator for CNN and ABC
“Sybil Morial, the wife and mother of New Orleans mayors, has written a touching memoir of the changes she watched and helped to guide. It’s a poignant story about family, race, dignity, and love.”
—Walter Isaacson, CEO of the Aspen Institute, former chairman of CNN, and managing editor of Time
“The change Sybil Morial witnessed in American society was nothing short of revolutionary. Though modest about her own significant role, she will enlighten those who did not live through this tumultuous period, and remind those who did of the importance of the people who put their very lives on the line to make America live up to its promise.”
—Cokie Roberts, author and political commentator for ABC News and NPR